Participants in research early in psychology’s history might have been asked to view a chair and describe its color, shape, texture, and other aspects of their conscious experience

Question 1.1. (TCOs 1, 2) Participants in research early in psychology’s history might have been asked to view a chair and describe its color, shape, texture, and other aspects of their conscious experience. These individuals would have been using a method called (Points : 2)


objective introspection.



Question 2.2. (TCO 4) As part of a psychology experiment, Brett decides to measure a person’s “anxiety” by noting the number of blinks a person makes in a 20-minute social interaction with a stranger. Brett appears to have offered a(n) _____ of anxiety. (Points : 2)


operational definition



Question 3.3. (TCOs 2, 3) Marta was in an automobile accident and suffered an injury to her brain, resulting in the paralysis of her left arm. What part of Marta’s brain was injured?(Points : 2)

Auditory association area

Motor cortex

Association areas

Somatosensory cortex

Question 4.4. (TCOs 2, 3) A group of axons bundled together coated in myelin that travels together through the body is called a (Points : 2)

synaptic vesicle



myelinated pathway.

Question 5.5. (TCOs 2, 3) _____ synapses make it more likely that a neuron will send its message to other neurons, whereas _____ synapses make it less likely that a neuron will send its message. (Points : 2)

Excitatory; inhibitory

Inhibitory; excitatory

Augmentation; depletion

Depletion; augmentation

Question 6.6. (TCO 4) Which of the following phenomena is a function of the distribution of the rods and cones in the retina? (Points : 2)

The moon looks much larger near the horizon than it looks when it is higher in the sky.
The light from distant stars moving rapidly away from us is shifted toward the red end of the spectrum.

Stars can be seen only with difficulty during the daytime

A dim star viewed at night may disappear when you look directly at it, but reappear when you look to one side of it.

Question 7.7. ( TCO 4) What are the five primary tastes? (Points : 2)

Hot, sour, spicy, sweet, origami

Salty, sour, spicy, sweet, tart

Bitter, salty, sour, sweet, umami

Peppery, salty, sour, sweet, acidic

Question 8.8. (TCO 4) Dizziness, nausea, and disorientation may result if the information from the eyes conflicts a little too much with that from the vestibular organs, according to the _____ of motion sickness. (Points : 2

sensory conflict theory

motor conflict theory

vestibular conflict theory

semicircular canal conflict theory

Question 9.9. (TCO 5) Judith is startled when her 6-year-old daughter, Laura, sleepwalks into the family room. It is most likely that Laura is experiencing the _____ stage of the sleep cycle. (Points : 2)





Question 10.10. (TCO 5) A client tells his therapist about a dream of riding on a train with his boss. At the end of the journey, the boss gets off the train at a terminal. The content of this dream, as related by the client to the therapist, is what Freud called its _____. (Points : 2)

primary content

manifest content

secondary content

latent content

Question 11.11. (TCO 5) A student nurse looks at a patient’s chart and does not understand the meaning of serious sleep apnea, so she asks the head nurse for assistance. How might the head nurse describe this condition? (Points : 2)

The patient is mentally ill and tends to try to suffocate himself at times.

The patient cannot sleep unless he uses several pillows to deaden sounds that might awaken him.

The patient appears to awaken throughout the night and start walking, but he will not respond to commands.
The patient has a potentially life-threatening condition in which air does not flow into or out of his nose or mouth for periods of time while he is asleep.

Question 12.12. (TCOs 7, 8) A child learns that whenever he eats all of his dinner, he gets a cookie for dessert. This type of learning is BEST explained by (Points : 2)

classical conditioning.

operant conditioning.

biofeedback theory.

social learning theory.

Question 13.13. (TCOs 7, 8) Bill hates to clean up after dinner. One night, he volunteers to bathe the dog before cleaning up. When he finishes with the dog and returns to the kitchen, his wife has cleaned everything up for him. Which of the following statements is most likely true? (Points : 2)

Bill will start cleaning up the kitchen before he bathes the dog.

Bill’s wife has positively reinforced him for bathing the dog.
Bill’s wife has negatively reinforced him for bathing the dog.

Bill will never bathe the dog again.